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The ‘Electoral Constituency Caucuses’: Analysis of the new electoral model agreed in Dhusamareb

On Thursday, 20 August 2020, the president of Somalia, leaders of 3 federal member states (Galmudug, South West, and Hirshabelle), and the governor of Benadir region agreed and signed a new election model dubbed the Electoral Constituency Caucuses’. The agreement was reached after a series of talks held in Dhusamareb, the capital city of Galmudug. At the conclusion of the previous Dhusamareb (2) conference, a joint technical committee from the federal government and federal member states was proposed with the mandate to explore electoral models and present options to the leaders of the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and Federal Member States (FMS) in a third Dhusamareb meeting, which was slated for 15th August. After meetings in Mogadishu and Dhusamareb, the technical committee proposed 3 models, one of which the leaders had to settle on. Read more

Direct election or ‘enhanced indirect’ election for Somalia? Analysis of the relevant regulations

On 7th June, the joint 17-member parliamentary committee tasked with the preparation of election regulations – which requires only parliamentary approval – submitted two draft regulations to the speakers of the two chambers of parliament for discussion. The first regulation, which consists of 5 chapters and 9 articles, defines the seat allocation, women’s quota, and representation of the Benadir region in the Upper House. The second regulation, which consists of 12 articles, defines the (s)election process of representatives for  Somaliland (or northern regions). Read more

Doorasho toos ah mise doorashadii dadbaneyd oo la hormariyey? Falanqeyn ku saabsan xeerarka doorashada

7-dii bishii Juun, guddiga baarlamaanka ee ka koobnaa 17-ka xubnood loona xilsaray diyaarinta xeerarka sharciga doorashooyinka waxa uu labo xeer u gudbiyey guddoonka labada aqal ee baarlamaanka si looga doodo loona ansixiyo. Xeerka koowaad oo ka kooban 5 cutub iyo 9 qodob waxa uu qeexayaa deegaan-doorashada kuraasta, qoondada dumarka, iyo metelaadda gobolka Benaadir. Xeerka labaad oo ka kooban 12 qodob waxa uu qeexayaa hannaanka doorasho ee xildhibaannada Soomaaliland (ama gobollada waqooyi). Read more

Inclusion, Accountability, and Protection: Analysis on the 2019 Flood Response in Hiiraan

The findings of the radio discussions reveal that there were a number of things that went wrong in the 2019 flood response. First, there was no reliable data on the number of people displaced by the flooding, and where the locations from and to which they were displaced. This led to the irregular distribution of emergency relief. Second, some local committees and individuals responsible for the distribution of the majority of the emergency relief that people experienced used clan criteria for the selection of beneficiaries, which excluded important segments of the society such as the IDPs, people with disabilities, and women. Third, there was disorganization among the multiple actors who were distributing aid. As a result, some families and individuals received food and cash several times while others did not receive any relief. Fourth, there was a lack of awareness among both local people and volunteer responders of the physical risks presented by the flooded terrain. As a result, some people died in the water. Finally, there were no institutions or mechanisms formed before the flooding to handle the response. This led to disorganized multiple actors distributing aid based on the criteria they set themselves or directed by the groups that sent the assistance.

Download the full report here

Division of powers and responsibilities in a federal Somalia

Somalia adopted a federal system of governance in 2004, although the formation of regional states only began in 2013. Four states have been formed under the auspices of the provisional constitution, in which the separation of executive powers and responsibilities between the different tiers of government remains unclear. Amidst this state of constitutional ambiguity, power struggles between the federal government and regional states have been – and remain – persistent. The constitutional review commissions reviewed the power-sharing options and presented scenarios to the parliament in 2016, but they have yet to be adopted and offer only a limited solution. In response to this protracted absence of a clarified governance structure, this brief presents new options to distribute powers and responsibilities to the different levels of government.

download the full governance brief

Soomaaliya waxa ay qaadatay nidaam federaal sanadkii 2004, balse dhismaha maamul goboleedyadu waxa ay bilowdeen 2013. Afar maamul goboleed ayaa la dhisay iyadoo dastuurka kumeelgaarka ah aanu si wanaagsan u kala saareynin awoodaha fulinta ee heerarka kala duwan ee dowladdu leeyihiin. Maadaama dastuurku aanu kala caddeyn awoodaha, hardanka awoodeed ee u dhexeeya dowladda federaalka iyo maamul goboleedyada waxa uu ahaa welina yahay mid joogto ah. Guddiyada dib-u-eegista dastuurka waxa ay dib-u-eegis ku sameeyeen awood qeybsiga waxana ay talooyin u gudbiyeen baarlamaanka sanadkii 2016, laakiin talooyinkoodii weli lama qaadanin. Maadaama hannaanka awood qeybsigu aanu caddeyn, warbixintan waxa ay soo jeedineynaa talooyin cusub ee la xiriira sida awoodaha iyo masuuliyadaha loogu qeybin karo heerarka kala duwan ee dowladda.

soo rogo warbixinta oo dhameystiran

Re-introducing the Somali Shilling in Beledweyne

Where in the world have people abandoned paper money entirely? It is not Silicon Valley and not Singapore but, of all places, Beledweyne, the capital of Hiiraan region of Somalia. Since November 2017, the Somali Shilling has not been used in Beledweyne. Mobile money and hard currency US dollars are the only acceptable modes of payment in the market. Although the understanding and literacy of the majority of the residents in using mobile money is low, the community in Beledweyne have no other option but to use mobile technology and US dollars for daily transactions. The EVC Plus Service of Hormuud Telecommunications Company and E-Dahab of Somtel Telecommunications Company provide the only acceptable electronic money in the city. Read more

Dib-usoo-celinta isticmaalka Shilinka Soomaaliga ee magaalada Beledweyne

Halkee dunida kamid ah oo ay dadku gebi ahaanba iska joojiyeen isticmaalka lacagta warqadda ah? Ma ahan Silicon Valley mana ahan Singapore, laakiin waa Beledweyne, magaalo madaxda gobolka Hiiraan ee Soomaaliya. Lagasoo billaabo bishii Nofeembar ee sanadkii 2017, lacagta Shilin Somaaliga lagama isticmaalin Beledweyne. Lacagaha moobilka lagu qaato iyo lacagta adag ee doollarka Mareykanka ayaa ah lacagta kaliya ee la oggol-yahay in wax lagu kala iibsado suuqyada. Inkastoo fahamka iyo aqoonta dad badan oo deggan magaalada ay u leeyihiin isticmaalka lacagaha moobilka ay aad u hooseyso, haddana bulshada Beledweyne ma haystaan wax ikhtiyaar ah oo aan ahayn in ay lacagta lagu qaato moobilka iyo doollarka Mareykanka u isticmaalaan wax kala iibsiga maalinlaha ah. Adeegga EVC- Plus ee Shirkadda Isgaarsiinta Hormuud iyo adeegga E-Dahab oo ay leedahay Shirkadda Isgaarsiinta Somtel ayaa ah lacagaha electroniga ah ee magaalada laga isticmaalo. Read more